The first and most liberal of these was the 1923 constitution, which was promulgated just after Britain declared Egypt’s independence. The Structure of Ancient Egyptian Society By Phyllis Naegeli Ancient Egypt had a highly organized society. The next level was the upper class-- royalty and noble people. The daughters of kings were all important.” According to the Pyramid Code documentary (see below), the ruling Pharaohs were open to recognizing the equality of the Sacred Masculine and the Sacred Feminine. As this great kingdom developed, a middle class of craftsmen emerged. They were respected highly. Egyptian society was very rigid and very organized. Ancient Egyptian religion lasted for more than 3,000 years, and consisted of a complex polytheism. Ancient Egyptian education was a system which was implemented to educate the young children in various subjects and topics. Social classes in ancient Egypt. In Ancient Egyptian society there were many differences between the genders and how each of their roles were played out. Ancient Egyptian society was organized like a pyramid. The … Males and females had tasks and responsibilities that were different from today’s societies. Religious practices were deeply embedded in the lives of Egyptians, as they attempted to provide for their gods and win their favor. This was a class system and each person living in ancient Egypt knew where they existed in the system and had specific rights of that class. The ancient Egyptians were grouped into various social classes. Common subjects included in ancient Egyptian education were reading, writing, mathematics, as well as religious instruction and morals. The upper class consisted of the royal family, rich landowners, government officials, important priests and army officers, and doctors. How was Egyptian society organized? Ancient Egypt had three main social classes--upper, middle, and lower. The society of Ancient Sparta was divided into three main classes. They were landowners, lived in large houses and they had political power in the Senate. Slowly after that a tiny class of … The lower class, the Then came the nobles, who fought the pharaoh's wars. The social order The class structure in Egypt was extremely rigid: everyone knew where they stood in society and most accepted their position. In the Indus River Valley Civilization the main social classes were: the Gods, Brahmins (priests and academics), Kshatryia (warriors and kings), Vaishya (merchants and landowners), Sudra (commoners, peasants, and servants), and the Untouchables (the outcasts of the Caste system). Nobles ruled the regions of Egypt. The middle class was made up chiefly of merchants, manufacturers, and artisans. The kings (pharaohs) were the most powerful, while the slaves were the lowest class. Nobles were 3rd in social class. Egyptologists have organized the ancient Egyptian religion into two categories: State and Local/Household.The local or household goddness were worshiped in the home. They were responsible for making local laws and keeping order in their region. Lehner currently thinks Egyptian society was organized somewhat like a feudal system, in which almost everyone owed service to a lord. "Even the highest officials owed bak." Egyptian Social Pyramid Bedouin Society Images: Social hierarchy In Egypt there were definite social classes which were dictated by an Egyptian's profession. A society can be defined as groups of people who are mutually or non-mutually dependent on each to meet certain needs. However, girls were not sent to school and instead their education was conducted at home. Mothers were the sou… In Ancient Egypt wealthy men were involved in buisness or government. “The status of women in ancient Egyptian society was of such importance that the right to the crown itself passed through the royal women and not the men. Following the Spartiate were the perioeci and at the bottom, were the helots. Its structure began to emerge in the Old Dynasty with upper and lower classes of people. Government and religion were inseparable in ancient Egypt. Ancient Egyptian culture was amazing and often complex and part of that culture was their social classes. The ruling class were the most respected and well treated people in the society, besides the pharaoh the priest were the most important people in the society because people thought that they could talk to the gods who controlled everything from life to death. Depending on locale, family, needs and preferences; the average Egyptian would choose the most suitable deities and build a household shrine for them. Education was held in high regard and it was common for people with proper means to send their children to schools after a certain age. During the Early Middle Ages, the monasteries of the Roman Catholic Church were the centers of education and literacy, preserving the Church's selection from Latin learning and maintaining the art of writing. Nobles in Egyptian society were related to the, doctors, lawyers, or important military personnel. The most common fabric for clothing (both women's and men's) was linen. The priest often positions as governors of provinces, court officials, or tax collectors. Lower class men and women spent their days working in the fields, serving the rich, or … The patrician class were the descendants of the most ancient and powerful noble families. The middle class in Aztec society were referred to as macehualtin and they made up the largest group of people in Aztec society.These people were considered to be among the commoner class and generally were made up of rural farmers.As such, macehualtin were organized in the calpulli system. At the bottom were peasants, the largest class of people. BBC Hulton Picture Library; Karl Marx’s social theory of class. The religion of Ancient Egypt lasted for more than 3,000 years, and was polytheistic, meaning there were a multitude of deities, who were believed to reside within and control the forces of nature. These social classes were structured as a pyramid with six levels. This social stratification was like a pyramid: At the bottom of the classes were Slaves and Farmers, they represented the greatest percent of the Egyptian population. The population of ancient Egypt was divided into groups of people with different jobs and responsibilities to society. Its structure began to emerge in the Old Dynasty with upper and lower classes of people. Many of the nobles were overseers of the lands worked by peasants. Societies group together large numbers of people who each serve a specific role; this creates a social hierarchy.These people are divided up into different social classes, or a group of people who have various statuses (like economics, race, or ethnicity) in common. The classes near the top of the pyramid had fewer people and enjoyed higher status. Everybody owed bak of some kind to people above them in the social hierarchy. The pharaoh was the head of state and the divine representative of the gods on earth. At the top of society were Spartiate. By Phyllis Naegeli 1 Ancient Egypt had a highly organized society. As this great kingdom developed, a middle class of craftsmen emerged. Introduction: The focus of this lesson is to teach students about the daily lives of ancient Egyptians from every social class. The upper class consisted of the royal family, rich landowners, government officials, important priests and army officers, and doctors. Wealthy boys and girls attended school which trained them to be scribes. The PHARAOH was the king and he was also a god. The structure is not completely rigid, with some exceptions and blurred lines. The Egyptian Social Pyramid is the representation of the social structure of Ancient Egypt. The Egyptians called this "bak." As in Egypt, males were responsible for many of the hard labor in society, while women were responsible for taking care of… The pharaoh’s role was to sustain the gods in order to maintain order in the universe. This seems evident from trends seen in tomb scenes where the costumes and styles of the upper classes were soon copied by the lower classes. The ancient Egyptian people were grouped in a hierarchical system with the Pharaoh at the top and farmers and slaves at the bottom. The classes nearer the bottom had greater numbers of people but lower status. This social pyramid shows the levels of each social class in terms of importance. Egypt - Egypt - Government and society: Egypt has operated under several constitutions, both as a monarchy and, after 1952, as a republic. The next level was the middle class-- business people and skilled workers. The groups near the top had the most power and status. "But it doesn't really work as a word for slavery," he says. Religion and government brought order to society through the construction of temples, the creation of laws, taxation, the organization of labour, trade with neighbours and the defence of the country's interests. But the basic concept is based on the division of classes which was organized by status and power. The social classes in ancient Egypt were like a pyramid, from the top to the bottom is: Pharaoh, government officials (priests, nobles), soldiers, scribes, merchants, craftsmen, peasants/farmers and slaves. The middle class was made up chiefly of merchants, manufacturers, and artisans. The social classes that existed in ancient Egypt consisted of the Pharaohs at the top directly under would be the high priests and priestesses, who served the gods and goddesses. Ancient Egyptians were extremely interested in fashion and its changes. Married women ran the home and tended to the needs of the children. The patricians married and did business only with people of their own class. After the two kingdoms were united, they became a lot more organized and over the years developed a system of what is called a ‘hierarchy’. II) EGYPTIAN SOCIETY Ancient Egypt had three main social classes--upper, middle, and lower. 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