It moved to its current building in the South of Market neighborhood in 1995 and attracted more than 600,000 visitors annually. Civil Engineer Michael O'Shaughnessy was hired by San Francisco Mayor James Rolph as chief engineer for the city in September 1912 to supervise the construction of the Twin Peaks Reservoir, the Stockton Street Tunnel, the Twin Peaks Tunnel, the San Francisco Municipal Railway, the Auxiliary Water Supply System, and new sewers. [161] Competition for these opportunities pushes growth and adaptation in world centers.[162]. With water mains out of service, the Presidio Artillery Corps attempted to contain the inferno by dynamiting blocks of buildings to create firebreaks. San Francisco–Oakland–Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area, History of Chinese Americans in San Francisco, Asian Americans in San Francisco (disambiguation), Homelessness in the San Francisco Bay Area, "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – San Francisco city", "2000 Census: US Municipalities Over 50,000: Ranked by 2000 Density", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For Large Cities And Other Urban Places in the United States", "QuickFacts: San Francisco County, California", "QT-P3 – Race and Hispanic or Latino Origin: 2010", "California – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990", "B03002 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE - San Francisco County, California - 2018 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates", "B03002 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE - United States - 2018 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates", "San Francisco County Decennial Census data", "B03001 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY SPECIFIC ORIGIN - San Francisco County, California - 2018 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates",,, "BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN ALONE OR IN COMBINATION WITH ONE OR MORE OTHER RACES", "The brainpower of America's largest cities", "New measure ranks San Francisco the 'smartest' U.S. city", "Same-sex Couples and the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Population: New Estimates from the American Community Survey", "Gay and Lesbian Families in the United States: Same-Sex Unmarried Partner Households", "Median Household Income (In 2003 Inflation-adjusted Dollars) (Place Level)", "Rich City Poor City: Middle-class neighborhoods are disappearing from the nation's cities, leaving only high- and low-income districts, new study says", "Families Struggle To Stay: Why Families are Leaving San Francisco and What Can Be Done", "Unemployment Rates for Metropolitan Areas", "Deinstitutionalization: A Psychiatric 'Titanic, "Homeless problem lingers as S.F. [163] In 2019, GDP in the five-county San Francisco metropolitan area grew 3.8% in real terms to $592 billion. cities. It is also part of the greater 12-county San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area, whose population is over 8.75 million, making it the fifth-largest in the United States as of July 1, 2016. The construction of the Twin Peaks Tunnel in 1918 connected southwest neighborhoods to downtown via streetcar, hastening the development of West Portal, and nearby affluent Forest Hill and St. Francis Wood. The 2010 United States Census[6] reported that San Francisco had a population of 805,235. [169], Since the 1990s, San Francisco's economy has diversified away from finance and tourism towards the growing fields of high tech, biotechnology, and medical research. [341] A major expansion started in 2017, along with a rebranding as Ford GoBike; the company received its current name in 2019. [citation needed], During World War II, the Hunters Point Naval Shipyard became a hub of activity, and Fort Mason became the primary port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater of Operations. Bloomberg West was launched in 2011 from a studio on the Embarcadero and CNBC broadcasts from One Market Plaza since 2015. Starting in June 2020, reports were received of a loud hum produced by the new railing slats, heard across the city when a strong west wind was blowing. Building a Better Bay Area means understanding some of the terms that are being used to define the Black Lives Matter movement. In 2011, 50 murders were reported, which is 6.1 per 100,000 people. Homicide offenders and victims by sex, 1980–2008 It was home to the first lesbian-rights organization in the United States, Daughters of Bilitis; the first openly gay person to run for public office in the United States, José Sarria; the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in California, Harvey Milk; the first openly lesbian judge appointed in the U.S., Mary C. Morgan; and the first transgender police commissioner, Theresa Sparks. This 1852 figure is from a state Census. In 2019, 42 people were killed in traffic collisions in San Francisco. Its private golf course has hosted the U.S. Open on five occasions. The resulting soil liquefaction causes extensive damage to property built upon it, as was evidenced in the Marina district during the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. Otherwise it is not 2nd. U.S. Census Bureau. [168] The 2017 Global Financial Centres Index ranked San Francisco as the sixth-most competitive financial center in the world. The San Francisco Examiner, once the cornerstone of William Randolph Hearst's media empire and the home of Ambrose Bierce, declined in circulation over the years and now takes the form of a free daily tabloid, under new ownership. Of all major cities in the United States, San Francisco has the second-highest percentage of residents with a college degree, behind only Seattle. White students[which?] ESPN uses the local ABC studio for their broadcasting. In 2010, residents of Chinese ethnicity constituted the largest single ethnic minority group in San Francisco at 21% of the population; the other Asian groups are Filipinos (5%) and Vietnamese (2%). With over 30 international financial institutions,[166] six Fortune 500 companies,[167] and a large support infrastructure of professional services—including law, public relations, architecture and design—San Francisco is designated as an Alpha(-) World City. Some neighborhoods are dotted with boutiques, cafés and nightlife such as Union Street in Cow Hollow, 24th Street in Noe Valley, Valencia Street in the Mission, Grant Avenue in North Beach, and Irving Street in the Inner Sunset. Because of its unique city-county status, the local government is able to exercise jurisdiction over certain property outside city limits. The western terminus of the historic transcontinental Lincoln Highway, the first road across America, is in San Francisco's Lincoln Park. [271], San Francisco serves as the regional hub for many arms of the federal bureaucracy, including the U.S. Court of Appeals, the Federal Reserve Bank, and the U.S. Mint. In 2014, only 41.3% of residents commuted by driving alone or carpooling in private vehicles in San Francisco, a decline from 48.6% in 2000. [332], State Route 1 also enters San Francisco from the north via the Golden Gate Bridge and bisects the city as the 19th Avenue arterial thoroughfare, joining with Interstate 280 at the city's southern border. [15] With roughly one-quarter the population density of Manhattan, San Francisco is the second-most densely populated large American city, behind only New York City among cities greater than 200,000 population, and the fifth-most densely populated U.S. county, following only four of the five New York City boroughs. This moderates temperature swings and produces a remarkably mild year-round climate with little seasonal temperature variation. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. As part of the retrofitting of the Golden Gate Bridge and installation of a suicide barrier, starting in 2019 the railings on the west side of the pedestrian walkway were replaced with thinner, more flexible slats in order to improve the bridge's aerodynamic tolerance of high wind to 100 mph (161 km/h). The city's first television station was KPIX, which began broadcasting in 1948. In an effort to buoy small privately owned businesses in San Francisco and preserve the unique retail personality of the city, the Small Business Commission started a publicity campaign in 2004 to keep a larger share of retail dollars in the local economy,[184] and the Board of Supervisors has used the planning code to limit the neighborhoods where formula retail establishments can set up shop,[185] an effort affirmed by San Francisco voters. [247] SFMOMA closed for renovation and expansion in 2013. San Francisco forms part of the five-county San Francisco–Oakland–Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, a region of 4.7 million people, and has served as its traditional demographic focal point. It contains research space and facilities to foster biotechnology and life sciences entrepreneurship and will double the size of UCSF's research enterprise. [265] The San Francisco Marathon attracts more than 21,000 participants. [54][127] The percentage of African Americans in San Francisco is similar to that of California. San Francisco has always been a boom / bust city since the day Dona Briones first built her adobe up the hill from those Yanqui merchants on the beach. [207] However, due to the exceptionally high cost of living, many of the city's middle and lower-class families have been leaving the city for the outer suburbs of the Bay Area, or for California's Central Valley. 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